2007年01月03日

Third World and MPS

The Mont Pelerin Society, Milton Friedman, and the World

Monday, November 20, 2006 By David Friedman

[http://daviddfriedman.blogspot.com/]



I spent most of a week recently in Guatamala at a meeting of the Mont Pelerin Society, an organization created by Friedrich Hayek after the Second World War. At the time it was created, supporters of free markets were rare, especially in the academic world. One reason to create the Society was to give people with classical liberal views the opportunity to spend at least a few days a year with other people who did not regard their beliefs as obvious nonsense, fit only for the wastebasket of history.



Some decades later, a number of people associated with the Society, including my father, suggested that perhaps it was time to dissolve it. Views that had been regarded as obviously obsolete in the late forties had become, if not always accepted, at least widely known and widely viewed as serious contenders in the marketplace of ideas. It was no longer necessary to go to some far corner of the world to find colleagues who shared a generally promarket viewpoint; with luck there were at least one or two down the corridor.



The argument that ultimately persuaded him and others that the Mont Pelerin Society ought to be continued was that, although libertarian views were now widespread and respected in the U.S., the situation was very different elsewhere. Especially in the Third World countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America, and to a significant degree even in Europe, believers in free markets still found themselves in the situation that Hayek and others had faced when the Society was founded, isolated in a sea of left wing orthodoxy. For them, at least, the Society could continue to serve its original purpose.



======================================



Hayekが1947年に設立したモンペルランソサエティ(=MPS)にDavid Friedmanも加入したらしい。

第三世界では、未だに自由市場の考え方を知らないために、社会主義的な

政権が支配し、貧困と不正を悪化させている。

モンペルランソサエティ(MPS)の役割はまだ終わっていないということだ。



MPSは具体的には、どのような活動をしているのかといえば、”One reason to create the Society was to give people with classical liberal views the opportunity to spend at least a few days a year with other people who did not regard their beliefs as obvious nonsense”

つまり、第三世界の自分の(社会主義的)信条をナンセンスだと思っていない人たちと年に数日会話する機会をもってクラシカルリベラルの知見を与えるといったことらしい。



日本も自由市場に対する理解は、殆ど第三世界の人間と変わらない。

ドラッカーは「ネクストソサエティ」の中で日本に関してこう言っていた。

「今日の日本は、本質的にヨーロッパ的な国である。もっと悪いことには19世紀のヨーロッパの国である。だからいま麻痺状態にある。」

未だに日本ではsupporters of free markets were rare, especially in the academic worldの状態だ。



MPSのこういった活動は決して影響の小さいものではないだろう。

ジェフ サックスのような国連組織を動かした大規模な援助合戦は有害なだけだが、MPSのような第三世界の知的指導者たちに対する”教育”の方が遥かに効果のあるものだろうし、実際にMPSはそのような機能を歴史上、果たしてきた。

またMPSから派生したIEAのようなシンクタンクもいくつかある。
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